The Russian government refused to support the bill prohibiting the placement of baby boxes in the country - specially equipped cribs in which the mother can anonymously leave a child whom she decided to refuse. The corresponding review is published on the official website of the cabinet.
The corresponding initiative comes from Senator Elena Mizulina. At the end of September 2016, she said that the government had given positive feedback on the bill banning baby boxes. “I am grateful to the government that it supports this bill. All the comments indicated in the official recall can be easily removed by the second reading,” its official website reported then.
On October 10, it became known that the document was sent for revision before its consideration by the State Duma in the first reading. In this case, usually the Cabinet of Ministers either supports the project as a whole, or recommends that it not be considered in principle. In the case of the prohibition of baby boxes, there is no such certainty in the government’s position.
The current version of the bill states that the state should not encourage the creation of baby boxes, as this leads to an increase in the number of refuseniks and a violation of the right of children to know their parents, and can also contribute to the development of trafficking in persons. For violation of the ban on legal entities, it was proposed to fine up to 5 million rubles or to suspend the organization for up to 90 days.
The government found the wording presented inaccurate and warned that this could "give rise to conflicting law enforcement practices." The proposed amount of the fine was called excessive, comparing it with the size of the wage fund of a maternity hospital of average power from one to three months. The suspension of the activities of organizations that host baby boxes may completely leave citizens without the opportunity to receive medical care, and deprive orphans and children left without parental care of access to social and educational services.
The baby box, or the so-called “window of life,” is a place specially equipped in a medical or other social institution with a window on the side of the street and a special crib bed on the inside of the building. Through the window, the child can be anonymously placed in the crib. After 30 seconds, the door locks, after which it can no longer be opened from the outside. There are no cameras or guards near the baby box. An abandoned baby indoors is recognized by an alarm bell and a blinking lamp. The first such boxing in Russia appeared in 2011 in Perm. Later, similar "windows of life" were installed in other cities.